Browse and read from a list of the 215 most popular LinkedIn resources dealing with soft counter-extremism and countering hate speech, as posted by Thorsten Koch, MA, PgDip, during the first half of June 2024…

The Top 5 resources, as part of the current issue:

  1. 5 strategies for combatting misinformation, disinformation and malinformation (Ragan PR Daily):
  2. Protecting human rights in prisons while preventing and countering violent extremism and radicalization to terrorism: the role of independent detention monitoring (OSCE):
  3. How to discourage extremism and harmful activities on social media platforms (The TechTank Podcast):
  4. Empowering Imams to Counter Extremism: Training Programs for Promoting Peace and Tolerance (Researchgate):
  5. Data Collection in Online Terrorism and Extremism Research: Strengths, Limitations, and Future Directions (Studies in Conflict & Terrorism):

Background: since 2017, we have filed more than 14,000 shares on LinkedIn to a network of – now – about 6,700 followers and connections – with links to articles and documents about countering extremism and radicalization, on countering hate, and on the theory of mis-/disinformation. This is one of the reviews of the posts. Each two weeks, the full list of resources, made up of direct links – ordered according to content performance – features in full on the three websites mentioned herein.

The Social Media, Online and Digital Abuse and Harassment of Social Workers, Probation Officers and Social Work Students in Ireland: A National Survey (The British Journal of Social Work):

‘Very narrow’: Here’s why ‘hate crimes’ are rarely charged and almost never prosecuted in Canada (National Post):

Exploitation of Generative AI by Terrorist Groups (ICCT):

The Radicalisation and Recruitment game: How Terrorist and Violent Extremist Groups Target Children (CT Insight):

MemeGuard: An LLM and VLM-based Framework for Advancing Content Moderation via Meme Intervention (arXiv):

Global audiences suspicious of AI-powered newsrooms, report finds (Reuters):

“Frame, Fame and Fear Traps: The Dialectic of Counter-Terrorism Strategic Communication” (Studies in Conflict & Terrorism):

Explainability and Hate Speech: Structured Explanations Make Social Media Moderators Faster (arXiv):


Digital Defense: Navigating the EU’s TCO Regulation (Friederike Wegener):

Addressing Socioeconomic Grievances to Break the Recruitment Cycle of Extremism (Researchgate):

Radicalization And Violent Extremism Of Indonesian Children (Eduvest –Journal of Universal Studies):

Conspiracy Theories and Extremism: Meta-Analysis of Psychological, Cognitive and Personality Correlates of Conspiracy Beliefs (CREST Research):

Strategies for Internet Technology and Digital Rights Reporting (Konrad Adenauer Stiftung):

Protecting journalists and fighting disinformation in Bosnia and Herzegovina (European Union & Council of Europe):

Panel on Misinformation & Disinformation (IEEE):
Commission launched the new EU Knowledge Hub on Prevention of Radicalisation (European Commission):

Testing the application of violent extremism risk assessment to individuals who have radicalised in Australia: The case of the VERA-2R (Australian Institute of Criminology):

The nexus: Disinformation, Misinformation, and Privacy in the Age of Gen AI (Polity, South Africa):

Countering Radicalization and Violent Extremism through Policing in Africa (Wilson Center):

Unmasking Coordinated Hate: Analysing Hate Speech On Spanish Digital News Media (SSRN):

Strengths and Weaknesses of Open Source Data for Studying Terrorism and Political Radicalization (Studies in Conflict & Terrorism):

Terrorism and Social Media (TASM) Opening and Keynote Session (SU Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences):

Who Checks the Checkers? Exploring Source Credibility in Twitter’s Community Notes (arXiv):

Building resilience to violent extremism (XCEPT via War Studies, King’s College):

Fake news offers unexpected opportunities for trusted media (DW):

Parents asked to supervise their children’s interaction with technology (Kenya News Agency):

Misinformation and the media – An LSE Impact Blog review (LSE Impact Blog):

AI saving humans from the emotional toll of monitoring hate speech (ScienceDaily):

Deradicalisation, reintegration of Boko Haram terrorists working – Defence chief (PoliticsNigeria):

Putting the affect into affective polarisation (Cognition and Emotion):

HTIM: Hybrid Text-Interaction Modeling for Broadening Political Leaning Inference in Social Media (arXiv):

The unexplored potential of the EU as a mediator of PCVE efforts across its neighbourhood (Connekt):

Justice minister says he’s open to changing online harms bill (CBC, Canada):

The Rise of AI-Generated Disinformation Websites (

Testing the reliability and validity of the VERA-2R on individuals who have radicalised in Australia (Australian Institute of Criminology):

NLP for Counterspeech against Hate: A Survey and How-To Guide (ACL Anthology):

Hate Speech on Social Media: A Study of User’s Perspective (JDSS, Pakistan):

Standard Language Ideology in AI-Generated Language (arXiv):

Hate speech detection with ADHAR: a multi-dialectal hate speech corpus in Arabic (Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence via National Library of Medicine, U.S.A.):

Exploring Cross-Cultural Differences in English Hate Speech Annotations: From Dataset Construction to Analysis (ACL Anthology):

Exposing the Achilles’ heel of textual hate speech classifiers using indistinguishable adversarial examples (Expert Systems with Applications):

Extremism across the online gaming ecosystem (GEMS & moonshot):

DW’s Global Media Forum 2024: Media industry under pressure (DW):

Violent Extremism and Artificial Intelligence: A Double-Edged Sword in the Context of ASEAN (The Commonwealth Cyber Journal):

Addressing hate speech: training for the prosecutors and police in Bosnia and Herzegovina (European Union & Council of Europe):

Enhanced detection of fabricated news through sentiment analysis and text feature extraction (International Journal of Information Technology):

Platforms’ Implementation of the CoP Commitments on Media Literacy, Research and Fact-checking (European Digital Media Observatory):

Unraveling the Web of Misinformation | Prof Alex Edmans | TBCY (The Brand Called You):

EU Policy. YouTube and X failed to act on disinformation ahead of EU vote – report (euronews):

Information Disorder and the Illiberal Public Sphere (The Illiberal Public Sphere):

Yatay Destek – Haberler. Penitentiary practitioners of Montenegro enhance their skills for pre-release work and rehabilitation of violent extremist prisoners and prisoners at risk of radicalisation (European Union & Council of Europe):

Lost in Translation? Applying the Hate Crime Concept to an Indian Context (SSRN):

Testing the application of violent extremism risk assessment to individuals who have radicalised in Australia: The case of the VERA-2R (Australian Institute of Criminology):

Tragedy, Truth, and Technology: The 3T Theory of Social Media-Driven Misinformation (AIS eLibrary):

New UN Special Rapporteur’s Report Underscores Risks of Abusive Counterterrorism (Just Security):

CAAVE Ghana Launches Comprehensive Strategy to Combat Violent Extremism (News Ghana):

Violent Extremism in Africa – Nirina Kiplagat (Africa Center for Strategic Studies):

Factcheck roadmap by BENEDMO (European Digital Media Observatory):

US State Department teams up with Shout Out UK to Host Interactive Workshop in Abuja, Nigeria Discussing Strategies to Combat Violent Extremism (Shout Out UK):

Rehabilitation and Reintegration Programs: Disengaging Former Extremists from Violent Ideologies and Facilitating Societal Reintegration (Researchgate):

How to handle online misinformation (

Media Literacy Digest – June 24 (European Digital Media Observatory):

‘Trends in radicalization that may lead to violence – a background study on Greece’ (ELIAMEP, Greece):

UNOCT and DPPA host BeSci Week Session on the Future of Behavioural Science for Peace and Security (UNOCT):

Gaming Stakeholders Mapping Report (GEMS & ELIAMEP):

Genocide prevention adviser warns of global threat posed by hate speech (United Nations):

Independent Civil Society–UN Counterterrorism Engagement: A Scoping Report (Global Center):

Platforms’ Implementation of the CoP Commitments on Media Literacy, Research and Fact-checking (European Digital Media Observatory):

Public Evaluations of Misinformation and Motives for Sharing It (MDPI):

Disinformation is a destabilising force for the capital market (The Daily Star, Kenya):

A study on cross-lingual fake news detection in English and Arabic (University of New Brunswick):

Cyberbullying among young people: Laws and policies in selected Member States (European Parliament):

Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism in Eastern Africa in the COVID-19 Era (Wilson Center):

UNDP & KOICA expand partnership to strengthen peacebuilding and prevent violent extremism across Africa (UNDP):

Doctors for the Truth: Echo Chambers of Disinformation, Hate Speech, and Authority Bias on Social Media (MDPI):

Frameworks, Modeling and Simulations of Misinformation and Disinformation: A Systematic Literature Review (arXiv):

Editorial (Commonwealth Cyber Journal):

Pulling Back the Curtain: An Exploration of YouTube’s Recommendation Algorithm (ISD):

Stopping AI disinformation: Protecting truth in the digital world (World Economic Forum):

Unflagged Truths: The Role of Factual Content in Fueling Vaccine Hesitancy – A Reexamination (Scientific Inquirer):

EUvsDisinfo: a Dataset for Multilingual Detection of Pro-Kremlin Disinformation in News Articles (arXiv):

Climate change – an evolving threat to international security (Swiss Re Institute):

ArMeme: Propagandistic Content in Arabic Memes (arXiv):

Strengths and Weaknesses of Using Register Data to Study Extremism and Terrorism (Studies in Conflict & Terrorism):

Evaluating the Efficacy of Large Language Models in Detecting Fake News: A Comparative Analysis (arXiv):

AI chatbots intentionally spreading election-related disinformation, study finds (euronews):

Guidance. Online disinformation and AI threat guidance for electoral candidates and officials (GOV.UK):


Hashtags and Hate: Decoding Terrorist and Extremist Communication Online (Prof Diana Rieger) (Tech Terror Takedown):

Violent Extremism and Artificial Intelligence: A Double-Edged Sword in the Content of ASEAN (Commonwealth Cyber Journal):

Ambivalent attitudes promote support for extreme political actions (ScienceAdvances):

Recent Report Helps Brands Navigate Online Hate Speech in Sport (Beyond Sport):

AI and Violent Extremism: Threats, Opportunities and Ethical Approaches – GNET Conference 2024 (ICSR):

Social Media: Where It’s Hardest to Tell Truth From Fake News (statista):

The AI Debate: Google’s Guidelines, Meta’s GDPR Dispute, Microsoft’s Recall Backlash (The Hacker News):

Eliminating online hate speech to secure women’s political participation (UN Women):

Panel on Hate Speech (IEEE):

Audio, Transcript…
Countering Progressive Extremism (City Journal, Manhattan Institute for Policy Research):

Far-right extremism is rising and coming from varied communities, inquiry hears (SBS News, Australia):

Adversarial Style Augmentation via Large Language Model for Robust Fake News Detection (arXiv):

Is Terrorist Use of Cryptocurrencies Overblown? (Tech Against Terrorism):

International Day for Countering Hate Speech, 18 June (United Nations):

Journalists must lead fight against hate speech, misinformation – MFWA (JoyOnline, Ghana):

The missing gender dimension in risk assessment, 2023 (European Commission):

Hate Speech Detection Using Machine Learning and Deep Learning Techniques (Machine Learning, Image Processing, Network Security and Data Sciences):

X takes action on deepfake network smearing UK politicians after BBC investigation (BBC):

Platforms’ Implementation of the CoP Commitments on Media Literacy, Research and Fact-checking (European Digital Media Observatory & School of Transnational Governance):

How can media react to disinformation, climate change? (DW):

Toxic Memes: A Survey of Computational Perspectives on the Detection and Explanation of Meme Toxicities (arXiv):

A multilingual dataset for offensive language and hate speech detection for hausa, yoruba and igbo languages (ResearchGate):

COT: A Generative Approach for Hate Speech Counter-Narratives via Contrastive Optimal Transport (arXiv):

Navigating the infodemic maze: Does information literacy reduce the infodemic? (IFLA Journal):

Online threat data and real-world incidents – A comparative analysis (moonshot):

Generation Z Beats Boomers in Spotting Fake News (VOA):

Universities must help counter the growing threat of AI extremism (University World News):

Strengthening resilience to disinformation (Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet):

Training and advice on de-radicalization and countering violent extremism (IMPACT civil society research and development):

Unravelling the gendered undertones of narcissism (ScienceDaily):

Toolkit 7.3: concepts of radicalization, methods of enhancing social support, and impact of online harms (D.Rad):

Breaking Barriers With Memes: How Memes Bridge Political Cynicism to Online Political Participation (Social Media + Society, Sage Journals):

Panel on Extremism and Exploitation (IEEE):

The Relationship Between Responses to Perceived Strains and Radicalization: A Study of Incels in the Forum (Malmö University):

As House debate begins, Liberals defend online harms bill as necessary to fight extremism (True North, Canada):

Combating and mitigating disinformation in the 2024 election year in Austria (Austrian Institute of Technology):

Push for transparent national hate-crime database (The Northern Daily Leader, Australia):

More than 90% of UK public have encountered misinformation online, study says (pa media via yahoo! news):

Sport integrity: EPAS’s contributions to the latest issue of Sport and Citizenship’s magazine (Council of Europe):

Intolerance, Hate Speech Often Very Cause of Wars, Conflicts, Speaker Tells Security Council (United Nations):

How AI Can Help Us Spot Its Own Fakes (Impakter):

Contextualizing Argument Quality Assessment with Relevant Knowledge (arXiv):

D.Rad Labs Report (D.Rad):

RAN Health WG meeting – The impact of incidents of mass (extremist) violence and related geopolitical developments on mental health and P/CVE, Lisbon 19-20 March 2024 (EU RAN):

The government is drafting anti-hate speech laws. Here are 4 things they should include (The Conversation):

Label-aware Hard Negative Sampling Strategies with Momentum Contrastive Learning for Implicit Hate Speech Detection (arXiv):

Disinformation is rampant. A new book guides us through what to do (Midday via WYPR):

Silencing the hate: How UNDP is empowering youth to counter online hate speech (UNDP):

Political Effects of the Internet and Social Media (Annual Reviews):

The government is drafting anti-hate speech laws. Here are 4 things they should include (The Conversation):

Culture, Democracy, and the Fight against Violent Extremism (Africa Center for Strategic Studies):

How the Current Social Media Legislature Landscape Impacts Youth Mental Health (PsychiatricTimes):

Building resilience to violent extremism (King’s College & XCEPT):

Combating the Rise of Terrorism and Violent Extremism in West Africa and the Sahel – Security Council Arria Formula Meeting (United Nations):

EU Knowledge Hub – Radicalisation Prevention 2.0 (European Commission):

‘I’m unable to’: How generative AI chatbots respond when asked for the latest news (Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism):

67% of Top Brands Inadvertently Fund Misinformation, Stanford Study Finds (NewsGuard’s Reality Check):
Gaming the System: The Use of Gaming-Adjacent Communication, Game and Mod Platforms by Extremist Actors (GNET Research):

GRASP: A Disagreement Analysis Framework to Assess Group Associations in Perspectives (ACL Anthology):

Major takedown of critical online infrastructure to disrupt terrorist communications and propaganda (EUROPOL):

What if social networks really are the stuff of nightmares? (The Star, Malaysia):

Identifying the Key Counterterrorism Capacity Needs in West Africa (GCTF):

What Is Radicalisation In Safeguarding: A Deep Dive (Care Skills Training):

IIJ REMVE Initiative: Addressing the Threat of REMVE Radicalization to Violence in the Americas (U.S. Department of State):

Collaboration key in fight against disinformation: report (The Hindu):

Frameworks, Modeling and Simulations of Misinformation and Disinformation: A Systematic Literature Review (arXiv):

What role does gender play in preventing and countering violent extremism?
(The European Centre for Development Policy Management):

Overview and key findings of the 2024 Digital News Report (Reuters Institute & University of Oxford):

Combatting Fake News: A Global Priority Post COVID-19 (MDPI):

RAN Study visit on Dealing with disruptive and escalating violent ‘borderline’ protest in the realm of the police P/CVE role, 28 September 2023 (EU RAN):

Explainability and Hate Speech: Structured Explanations Make Social Media Moderators Faster (arXiv):

Prominent misinformation interventions reduce misperceptions but increase scepticism (nature human behavior):

CTED briefs the Global Forum on Illicit Financial Flows and Sustainable Development on implementing measures to counter the financing of terrorism (CTED):

The personality and propaganda puzzle: Exploring the effect of personality on exposure to extremist content online (APA PsycNet):

Cyberbullying a growing concern (Netwerk24, South Africa):

Wavering Resolutions: The UN Security Council On Digital Rights (Access Now):

Reviewing New Science on Social Media, Misinformation, and Partisan Assortment (Tech Policy Press):

US economist Van Alstyne proposes warranties to combat misinformation (Universität Passau):

Reevaluating Synthesizing Sentiment Analysis on COVID-19 Fake News Detection using Spark Dataframe (IEEE Xplore):

PrimeTime Politics: Elizabeth May reviews unredacted NSICOP report – June 11, 2024 (CPAC):

Your social media diet is becoming easier to exploit. Plausible AI nonsense won’t stop flooding your feed anytime soon (VOX):

The criminalization of terrorist offences and strengthening of international cooperation (CTMORSE):

S4E7 – Counter-terrorism the right way: What are CSOs doing to prevent and combat radicalisation? (Shout Out UK):

Australia: Online Safety – Statutory review issues paper and Pilot of Age Assurance Technology (BakerMcKenzie):

Secretary-General’s message on the International Day for Countering Hate Speech (United Nations): (Message) (Statement)

Women and Youth as Agents of Change: Empowering Key Actors in Countering Extremism (Researchgate):

RAN Reporters: EXIT Germany looks at a front-line organisation helping people leave neo-Nazi groups (EU RAN):

Misinformation remains a threat to democracy (nature):

Eliminating online hate speech to secure women’s political participation (UN Women):

Webinar – Fact-checking and trust in times of fake news (Eurostat):

A Knowledge-Based Deep Learning Approach for Automatic Fake News Detection using BERT on Twitter (Procedia Computer Science):

EU Statement – UN Security Council Arria-formula meeting: Combating the Rise of Terrorism and Violent Extremism in West Africa and the Sahel (Delegation of the European Union to the United Nations in New York):

Mapping the Evolution of Violent Extremism in Kenya: Policy and Strategic Implication (The HORN Bulletin):

Don’t let violent extremists take advantage of our vulnerabilities – NCCE to political parties, youth groups (Modern Ghana):

Podcast series…
Anti-institutional extremism: Causes and Responses (ICCT):
Episode 1 with @barbaramola @ToreBjorgo:
Episode 2 with @APerlige and Martha Crenshaw :
Episode 3 with @Dr Julia Ebner, Jelle van Buuren:
Episode 4 with @Erik Akerboom:
Episode 5 with Ian Moss:

Every country is grappling with toxic underbelly of the internet: EU Ambassador (Daily Sun, Bangladesh):

2024 UK General Election: 4 ways the next government can make the internet safer (Center for Countering Digital Hate):

Swatting: A Fictitious Threat Generating Real-World Hazards (GNET Research):

Halt the Hate: UN Teams Combat Hate Speech (United Nations Sustainable Development Group):

Global Crises, Local Impacts: Threats to Social Cohesion and How Cities Can Respond (Strong Cities Network):

Interventions against Misinformation also Increase Skepticism toward Reliable Sources (Universität Zürich):

eSafety partners with the European Commission to support enforcement of online safety regulations (eSafetyCommissioner, Australian Government):

Calling all himfluencers: Young men need positive, diverse role models (eSafetyCommissioner, Australian Government): (News) (Report)

Global Peace Index 2024 (Institute for Economics & Peace):

Transatlantic Dialogue Initiative: Elevating the Role of French Cities in Preventing Hate, Violent Extremism and Polarisation, Strengthening Social Cohesion and Safeguarding Local Democracy (Strong Cities Network):

How Islamist Extremists Forge Relationships with Accomplices (Universität Bern):

News Consumption and the Illiberal Public Sphere During the COVID-19 Pandemic (The Illiberal Public Sphere):

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Counter-Extremism Programs: Methods and Metrics for Impact Assessment (Researchgate):

From Denial to the Culture Wars: A Study of Climate Misinformation on YouTube (Environmental Communication):

Navigating The Journey To Peace: A Study Of Assimilation And Reintegration Of Ex-offenders Of Terrorism (Journal of Law and Sustainable Development):

Spannende Einblicke und Denkanstöße: Internationale Recherche zum Umgang mit Desinformation abgeschlossen (BertelsmannStiftung):

International Day For Countering Hate Speech 2024 (SOUQ News TV, Nigeria):

French sports minister lauds Mbappé’s ‘absolutely exemplary’ election plea (France24):

Addressing Socioeconomic Grievances to Break the Recruitment Cycle of Extremism (Researchgate):

David Masciotra: The Environment for Radicalization (Burn the Boats):

Leveraging Social Media for Peacebuilding: Promoting Positive Messages, Interfaith Dialogue, and Challenging Extremist Narratives (Researchgate):

Beyond Detection: Disinformation and the Amplification of Toxic Content in the Age of Social Media (NordMedia Network):

Assessing Long-Term Strategies to Effectively Counteracting Online Misogynistic Speech Using a Delphi-Based Future Scenarios Approach (SSRN):

Exploring the risk of violent extremism along the border between Northern Benin and Nigeria (Clingendael):

Neuroscience explains how “fake news” works, and what publishers can learn from it (Media Makers Meet):

Free articles and analyses on counter-extremism, on countering hate, AI, and on the theory of mis-/disinformation:
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